IEO - Sedes en Galicia
Director: Javier Ruiz Segura
Deputy Director of Research: Carmen Fernández Llana
A Coruña Oceanographic Centre Director: Luz García García
Vigo Oceanographic Centre Director: Pablo Carrera López
A Coruña Headquarters address: Paseo Marítimo Alcalde Francisco Vázquez, 10. 15001 A Coruña.
Vigo Headquarters address: Subida Radio Faro, 50. 36390 Vigo (Pontevedra).
History and Headquarters
The Spanish Institute of Oceanography (IEO) was a ground-breaking organisation in Spain and one of the first in the world to be completely dedicated to research in marine sciences and resources. It was founded in 1914 by the naturalist Odón de Buey, with the merger of the Marine Biology Laboratories of Santander, Mallorca, and Malaga into a single entity. The founding statute clearly defined the organisation’s purpose: “to study the physical, chemical, and biological conditions of the seas that lap our coasts and to apply these investigations to problems related to fishing”; the organisation’s public service role was already defined as one of its main functions, and this has remained unchanged during its more than 100-year history.
The IEO has two headquarters in Galicia: the Oceanographic Centre in Vigo, inaugurated in 1917, and the Oceanographic Centre in A Coruña, opened in 1974.
The IEO is the main research institute dedicated to marine sciences in Spain, above all regarding scientific knowledge of the oceans, the sustainability of fishing resources and the marine environment; these are the basis to integrate the application of various European policies and directives of great importance, such as the Integrated Maritime Policy of the European Union, the Marine Strategy Framework Directive, the Maritime Spatial Planning Framework Directive, the Common Fisheries Policy, and Natura 2000 Marine Network.
As its main objectives, the IEO also provides scientific and technological advice to administrations in matters related to oceanography and marine sciences and is the scientific representative of Spain in most of the forums and international organizations related to the sea and its resources.